Improved Supervision of Loading and Unloading of Oil Fuel to Minimize Shrinkage of Loads at MT. Nirbita

  • Fuadaturrahmah Fuadaturrahmah AKademi Maritim Belawan (AMB)
  • Marsel Arinaek Manurung AKademi Maritim Belawan (AMB)
Keywords: Supervision of Loading and Unloading, Fuel Oil, Depreciation of Cargo


This study aims to determine the importance of monitoring loading and unloading of fuel oil to minimize the occurrence of load shrinkage. After conducting an evaluation of existing events, two main problems were found that occurred in the implementation of ISGOTT in MT. Nirbita, namely the problem of lack of supervision and accuracy of loading and unloading fuel oil resulting in load shrinkage. The occurrence of cargo depreciation on board the ship is a lack of proper supervision according to ISGOTT by Officer Deck for Abk during cargo operations. The occurrence of cargo losses is also due to the lack of accuracy of deck and abk officers in measuring cargo tanks and calculating cargo as well as standardization of loading and unloading equipment onboard resulting in less optimal operational cargo. Lack of understanding of matters relating to cargo operations, both those related to measuring instruments used on tanker ships, triggers cargo depreciation. There are three alternative solutions to problems, namely conducting safety meetings, conducting training, and supervising Abk's work in cargo operations. From the results of the evaluation of the three alternative solutions to the problem, it was found that each alternative has advantages and obstacles that will be faced in its application on board.


Download data is not yet available.


Feng, L., Liu, X., Cao, F., Wang, L., Chen, Y., Pan, R., … Chang, Q. (2016). Anti-stress effects of ginseng total saponins on hindlimb-unloaded rats assessed by a metabolomics study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 188, 39–47. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.04.028

Friswell, R., & Williamson, A. (2019). Management of heavy truck driver queuing and waiting for loading and unloading at road transport customers’ depots. Safety Science, 120, 194–205. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.039

Hedlund, F. H., & Madsen, M. (2018). Incomplete understanding of biogas chemical hazards — Serious gas poisoning accident while unloading food waste at biogas plant. Journal of Chemical Health and Safety. doi:10.1016/j.jchas.2018.05.004

Inoan, I., Dumitrache, D. C., & Szelitzky, T. (2012). Parametric Identification of a Positioning System for a Billets Unloading Machine. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 45(6), 1722–1726. doi:10.3182/20120523-3-ro-2023.00338

Istopo. (1999). Kapal dan Muatannya. Koperasi Karyawan BP3IP.

Ogata, Y., Anan, M., Takahashi, M., Takeda, T., Tanimoto, K., Sawada, T., & Shinkoda, K. (2018). Relationships Between Trunk Movement Patterns During Lifting Tasks Compared With Unloaded Extension From a Flexed Posture. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 41(3), 189–198. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2017.09.007

Perkapalan DIT Pemasaran dan Niaga. (2006). Pengendalian Transportation Losses Di Armada Tanker Milik Pertamina Perkapalan. Jakarta: PT. Pertamina (Persero)

Somantri, (2006), Pengangkutan dan pembongkaran Susut Muatan Bahan Bakar Minyak Mentah & Produk. Jakarta: PT. Pertamina (Persero)

Sugiono. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R & D : Alfabeta

Suryabrata, Sumadi. (2003). Metodologi Penelitian. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Suyono, R.P. (2001). Shipping. Jakarta : Argya Putra

Swasta Basu dan Sukotjo. (2002). Pengantar Bisnis Modern. Jakarta

Team BBM. (1977). Prosedur Pertamina Mengenai Pengangkutan dan Pembongkaran Muatan

Wang, D., Zhang, P., Wei, J., & Yu, C. (2020). The seepage properties and permeability enhancement mechanism in coal under temperature shocks during unloading confining pressures. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 103242. doi:10.1016/j.jngse.2020.103242

Wu, Y., Zhao, C., Zhao, C., Wang, Y., & Fei, Y. (2020). Effect of grout conditions on the mechanical behaviors of unloading sand-concrete interface for reinforcing bored pile foundation. Construction and Building Materials, 243, 118218. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118218

Yang, Y., & Zhang, Z. (2020). Dynamic fracturing process of fissured rock under abrupt unloading condition: A numerical study. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 231, 107025. doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2020.107025

Zhang, Z.-K., Li, J., Guan, D., Liang, C., Zhuo, Z., Liu, J., … Zhang, B.-T. (2018). Long Noncoding RNA lncMUMA Reverses Established Skeletal Muscle Atrophy following Mechanical Unloading. Molecular Therapy. doi:10.1016/j.ymthe.2018.09.014 [9]

How to Cite
Fuadaturrahmah, F., & Manurung, M. A. (2020). Improved Supervision of Loading and Unloading of Oil Fuel to Minimize Shrinkage of Loads at MT. Nirbita. Journal of Management Science (JMAS), 3(3), 74-80.